Bollywood actor Irfan Khan told his fans on social media that he was battling a rare disease. Irfan wrote that in a week he will have an inquiry report regarding this disease, after which he will share the information. Since then, many types of speculations are being made about his illness. According to some reports, Irfan had also revealed that there was a deadly brain tumor like the glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) grade 4.
What is GBM and how actually this disease happens
Glioblastoma multiforme or GBM is a kind of deadly brain tumor. These tumors are mostly found in adults. GBM is developed by the larger of the star-shaped cells, which is called astrocytes. These cells support nerve cells. If the patient is not able to get treatment for this brain tumor while being on time, then the patient dies for 10-15 months
What is the main reason
GBM is made up of many different types of cells. The reason for this is not known yet, but many research has shown that genetic mutation can be the main reason. GBM is predominantly developed in the cerebral hemispheres part of the brain, but it can also develop in the brainstem, spinal cord or other parts of the brain.
Can also be diagnosed by the blood test
Very low cost of the blood test and the patient can be saved by detecting GBM in the shortest possible time. On the other hand, it is treated only through surgery. Apart from this, radiation, chemotherapy, combined radiation and chemotherapy are also used. Radiation or chemotherapy is used if the tumor does not come out from surgery.
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